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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1576\margr4904\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1576\margrsxn4904\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li936\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 CHRONOLOGY OF HARSA'S CAMPAIGNS        297}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li198\fi0\ri25\sb223\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 his wealth his own",\super 1\nosupersub  which signifies that both came \expndtw2 into collision, and the former not only got the upper \expndtw1 hand, but also succeeded in exacting a war tribute,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li198\fi0\ri0\sb122\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Chronology of Harsa's campaigns}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li97\fi515\ri0\sb137\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Yuan    Chwang's    remark   that    "Harsa   waged incessant warfare until in six years he had brought the \expndtw1 five Indias under allegiance"\super 2\nosupersub  has been interpreted by \expndtw0 some scholars to mean that all his wars were over bet\-\expndtw-1 ween 606 A.D., the date of his accession, and 612 A.D, \expndtw0 It is, however, an altogether gratuitous assumption that \expndtw5 Yuan Chwang's six years began the very year Harsa \expndtw0 ascended the throne.   Besides., we know that Sasanka \expndtw1 continued to hold power until A.D. 619, and so Harsa \expndtw0 must have  conquered the  eastern  regions  some time \expndtw1 after\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 say between 620 and 625 A.D.   Further  it ap\-\expndtw8 pears from the testimony of Yuan Chwang that the \expndtw2 engagement with Pulakesm II took place when Harsa \expndtw-2 had   already   carried   his   arms  to   "remote   districts \expndtw3 from   east to west."   Thus, the earliest and the latest \expndtw1 limits  may be fixed between  \i circa \i0 A.D. 625 and 634 \expndtw0 (the date of the Aihole record);   and we   may    there\-\expndtw1 fore, take roughly the year 630 A.D. as the date of the \expndtw4 event.\super 3\nosupersub    At this point we must explain also the other}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li428\fi0\ri0\sb76\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-13\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 1\nosupersub  \i He. C. \i0 T., p. \sub 7\nosupersub 6.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li626\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b\i0\cf1\charscalex80\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 cf.   \i "\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 %\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 %}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li518\fi0\ri0\sb79\sa0\tx1609\tx3427 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 ^u{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 ,{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-1 (Hf., Cal. ed.jpp. 210-11).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li518\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 There is another oft-quoted passage, \i "^   \i0 7^R*T    VL}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi2038\ri144\sb61\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 , which has been taken to mean that Harsa "exacted tribute from an inaccessible land of the snowy \expndtw2 mountains -perhaps Nepal or Kashmir. It may, however, be \expndtw0 interpreted as here the overlord has obtained the hand of Dur<?a \expndtw-1 bom in the snowy mountains", which may refer to Harsa's marri\-\expndtw-2 age with some hill-princess of a powerful family. \super\expndtw-1 2\nosupersub  Watters, I, p. 343; Beal, I, p. 213.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi500\ri198\sb43\sa0\sl-191\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 See, however, Mr.' K. C. Chattopadhyaya, \i Proc. Ind. Hist, \expndtw-4 Loffg. \i0 1939, 3rd session, Calcutta, pp. 586-604. He places the \expndtw0 Harsa-Pulakesm war between 610 and 612 A. D.}\par }